“Implementation” in Denmark covers a local sustainable use of products created in the context of innovation projects and their principles.
Implementation encompasses also local dissemination of the products across departments within the same organization, as well as nationwide dissemination to other organizations from the same sector in Denmark.
Implementation depends on many variables,but first and foremost the culture of the sector and/or the organization plays a role.
Project Management in Danish VET
Danish VET has a strong consciousness about innovation projects, and most of the VET professionals can refer to project results having caused changes in VET.
There are official channels for dissemination of results in the VET system, but there are no well-defined processes for implementation.
Practice of projects is quite varying without indicators for systematic choice of project models. It is common practice to involve users, both into surveys, creation and trial-runs. Classical disciplines in project management – detailed planning and ressource steering – are rather low prioritized, to the advantage of agility and users´ initiatives.
All in all, VET can be described as having achieved a rather mature state of project management, with the capability and the will for improvements.
Culture, history for project management, political influence
Danish VET is a diverse and decentrally organized sector, but with central legislation. The social partners have law-based influence and practice this widely and ongoing, both locally and nationally.
The culture is shaped of this high diversity, to be explained by the diverse practice and work conditions of the trades behind the 108 educations. These trades practice to a high degree their self-determination through the politicial influence of their trade committees.
Nevertheless, there can be pointed at certain common values, such as
- “elbowroom” for each professional (freedom of method)
- social cohesion and responsibility
- products in step with actual practice
- unformal communication and dialogue
- accessible information
- accept of rules and reglementations, according to involment of practitioners
- an ongoing dialogue about the sense-making of rules and regulations
Historically the ministry or other steering institutes have not been close to project practice, as this bottom-up approach should catch up tendencies, result into new insights at the ministry and initiate as many initiatives as possible.
The in-depth culture analysis behind the above mentioned statements was conducted by Regina Lamscheck-Nielsen, 2011, master thesis on project management and process improvement “Sustainable project results”.
Upcoming trends and values
Jan. 2015: During the recent 3-5 years, a slightly increasing trend is getting stronger and stronger. Focus has irretrievable come on quality management, both locally and on national level. The most explicitly expressed in the VET reform, Feb. 2014, which has the increased quality of VET as its overarching goal.
This implies a higher degree of monitoring and self-monitoring of implementation processes, identifying effects of development activities, targeted dissemination of products, as well as organizational integration of the results and adaptation to new practice.
Transparency and documentation have become more evident, such as local action plans, documentation of pedagogical management and the conscious choice of pedagogical and didactic models.
At the same time, teachers´ work conditions have changed through a new basic labour marked agreement, which gives management more power for pedagogical leadership and administrative steering. Teachers have to a lower degree individual rights to determine on their work load and methods. One of the visions is to increase team work among teachers on teaching and to share teaching materials.
In the entire context tools for quality management, especially ICT-based, are very welcome and promoted, as well as methods to increase efficiency of the work processes.
MAPPING takes these considerations into account, when developing products and implementing locally and nationally.